Europe Union Adds to List of Terrorist Groups

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Friday, February 1, 2002
Bruce Zagaris
On December 28, 2001 the European Union added to its list of terrorist organizations to include Irish, Basque, Greek and Middle Eastern extremist groups. The significance of the list is that EU member must freeze the groups assets and seek to arrest their members. The new list includes three far-left Greek groups: Revolutionary Organization 17 November/Dekati Eydomi Noemvri; Revolutionary Nuclei/Espanastatiki pirines; and Revolutionary Popular Struggle Espanastatikos Laikos Agonas. Two practical effects to listing an organization are that: (1) each EU member must freeze any assets of that group within its borders; and (2) any person whose name even appears on a membership list may be jailed under the new pan-European definitions of terrorism. Hence, an EU member may charges a person with ?aiding and abetting terrorism,? a crime punishable by up to eight years in prison, based on mere membership in a group designated as terrorist.