The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

NGOs Submit a Communication to the ICC Alleging Responsibility of EU Arms Companies for War Crimes in Yemen

Saturday, January 18, 2020
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

In a historic step on December 11, 2019, the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) along with its partner organizations – Mwatana for Human Rights from Yemen, the International Secretariat of Amnesty International, the Campaign Against Arms Trade (CAAT) based in the United Kingdom, Centre d’Estudis per la Pau J.M. Delàs (Centre Delàs) from Spain, and Osservatorio Permanente sulle Armi Leggere e le Politiche di Sicurezza e Difesa (O.P.A.L.) – submitted a communication (“the Communication”) to the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Court (ICC) on the situation in Yemen.[1]

Sudan to Open Investigations into Crimes Committed under Omar al-Bashir

Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Author: 
Alexandra Haris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

In late December, Sudan announced it opened an investigation into the crimes committed in Darfur by the former president Omar al-Bashir, 75, and his regime.[1] This move aims to end years of impunity and bring perpetrators to justice during a fragile political transition. A member of al-Bashir’s regime who is also being investigated is former intelligence chief Salah Gosh, who faces four cases against him.

U.S. Homeland Security Orders Mexican Asylum Seekers to Guatemala over Mexico’s Objections

Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On January 6, 2020, the same day the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) confirmed it plans to send some Mexican asylum seekers to Guatemala to slow or block migration to the United States, Mexico’s Secretary of Foreign Relations issued a statement saying it disagreed with the U.S.’s proposal to send as many as 900 Mexican nationals to Guatemala within the next month. [1]

France Extradites Suspected Torturer to Argentina

Monday, January 13, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On December 15, 2019, the French government extradited Mario Sandoval to Argentina, where he is suspected of participating in around 500 crimes against humanity in the Clandestine Center of Detention, which functioned as the Navy Mechanics School (ESMA) during the dictatorship.[1] Sandoval, 66, resided in France since 1985 and fought extradition to Argentina since 2012 for the disappearance of a university student Beatriz Cantarini de Abriata.[2]

U.S. Homeland Security Orders Mexican Asylum Seekers to Guatemala over Mexico’s Objections

Friday, January 10, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On January 6, 2020, the same day the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) confirmed it plans to send some Mexican asylum seekers to Guatemala to slow or block migration to the United States, Mexico’s Secretary of Foreign Relations issued a statement saying it disagreed with the U.S.’s proposal to send as many as 900 Mexican nationals to Guatemala within the next month. [1]

Angola Freezes Assets of Daughter of Former President

Thursday, January 9, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On December 23, 2019, a court in Luanda, Angola ordered an asset freeze of the personal bank accounts of Isabel dos Santos, her husband, Sindika Dokolo, and Mario da Silva in Angola, and the stakes they have in nine Angolan firms as a result of the alleged losses they caused to the Angolan government of over $1 billion.[1]  Dos Santos is the wealthiest woman in Africa and is the daughter of former Angolan President José Eduardo dos Santos.

U.S. Sanctions on Nord Stream 2 and TurkStream Pipeline Projects (NDAA 2020)

Thursday, January 2, 2020
Author: 
Hdeel Abdelhady
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On December 20, 2019, President Trump signed the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (NDAA) into law. Title 75 of the NDAA contains the “Protecting Europe’s Energy Security Act of 2019,” (“PEESA” or the “Act”) which authorizes the President to impose sanctions on foreign persons who knowingly sell, lease, or provide vessels for the construction of the Nord Stream 2 or TurkStream pipeline projects, or any successor to either project. The policies advanced by PEESA are consistent with prior U.S. policy and legislation, particularly the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act of August 2017. This MassPoint publication discusses PEESA’s policies, sanctions mechanics, the relationship between PEESA and CAATSA, and key takeaways.

UK Extradites Member of “The Dark Overlord” Hacking Group to the U.S.

Wednesday, December 30, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

On December 18, 2019, a United Kingdom national, Nathan Wyatt, 39, appeared in United States District Court in St. Louis on charges of aggravated identity theft, threatening to damage a protected computer, and conspiring to commit those and other computer fraud offenses, related to his role in a computer hacking collective known as “The Dark Overlord.”  The latter organization targeted victims in the St. Louis, Missouri area starting in 2016.[1]

GOLD LAUNDERING: THE DIRTY SECRETS OF THE GOLD TRADE – AND HOW TO CLEAN UP by Mark Pieth (Elster & Salis Ag, 2019, 299 pp.)

Monday, December 28, 2020
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
36
Issue: 
1
Abstract: 

The book gives a critical look at international efforts to regulate the gold supply chain, including soft law and self-regulation.  The book shows the international community has not yet achieved credible protection of essential human rights.  The author is a well-known professor at the University of Basel who has spent the last 25 years working in the field of international regulation to combat corruption, money laundering, and organized crime.

Pages

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