Darfur Commission of Inquiry Finds Atrocities and Recommends Accountability Mechanisms

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Friday, April 1, 2005
Bruce Zagaris
On January 25, 2005, the International Commission of Inquiry on Darfur issued its report to the UN Secretary General, finding the commission of widespread violations of international humanitarian laws, identifying the perpetrators, and suggesting means of holding the perpetrators accountable by referring the situation to the International Criminal Court (ICC) pursuant to Article 13(b) of the ICC statute. On September 18, 2004, the UN Secretary-General commissioned the report under Chapter VII of the UN after the Security Council adopted resolution 1564 requesting, among other things, that the Secretary-General "rapidly establish an international commission of inquiry in order immediately to investigate reports of violations of international humanitarian law and human rights law in Darfur by all parties, to determine also whether or not acts of genocide have occurred, and to identify the perpetrators of such violations with a view to ensuring that those responsible are held accountable."...[more]