The International Enforcement Law Reporter

The International Enforcement Law Reporter is a monthly print and online journal covering news and trends in international enforcement law.

Since September 1985, the International Enforcement Law Reporter has analyzed the premier developments in both the substantive and procedural aspects of international enforcement law. Read by practitioners, academics, and politicians, the IELR is a valuable guide to the difficult and dynamic field of international law.

Laredo, Texas Jury Convicts 6 Persons for Black Market Peso Exchange Laundering Scheme

Saturday, February 23, 2019
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On February 12, 2019, a federal jury in Laredo, Texas found four men and two women guilty for participating in a two-year multi-million dollar black market peso exchange (BMPE) money-laundering scheme. After a five-week jury trial each of the six persons were convicted of a money laundering conspiracy:  Adrian Arciniega-Hernandez, 36, of Nuevo Laredo, Mexico; Adriana Alejandra Galvan-Constantini, 36, and Luis Montes-Patino, 57, both of Irving, Texas, and Ravinder Redding Gudipati, 61; Harsh Jaggi, 54; and Neeru Jaggi, 51, all of Laredo, Texas.  Additionally, Harsh Jaggi and Adrian Arciniega-Hernandez were each convicted of two counts of money laundering.

Bahraini Soccer Star and Refugee Hakeem Al-Araibi Released Amidst INTERPOL Red Notice Complications

Saturday, February 23, 2019
Author: 
Zarine Kharazian and Alex Psilakis
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On February 12, 2019, Hakeem al-Araibi returned home to Australia, bringing to an end a three-month legal struggle involving Bahrain, Thailand, and Australia. The 25 year old soccer player, who was once a star of the Bahraini national team, has lived in Australia as a refugee since 2017. He fled Bahrain in 2011 because of a government crackdown on Arab Spring protestors, as he had previously spoken out against the country’s human rights record, and alleges that he faced arrest and torture there. Bahraini authorities have had an arrest warrant out for al-Araibi since 2014, when he was convicted of vandalizing a police station. 

European Commission Extends Its Money Laundering Blacklist and Includes Saudi Arabia

Friday, February 15, 2019
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On February 13, 2019, the European Commission adopted Delegated Regulation (C(2019) 1326) identifying high-risk third countries that present strategic deficiencies in their regime on anti-money laundering and counter terrorist financing (AML/CFT). On May 30, 2018, the European Parliament and Council adopted Directive (EU) 2018/843, which amended Directive (EU) 2015/849 and entered into force on  July 9, 2018 . The new Directive notably revised and broadened the criteria to be considered by the Commission when making its assessment of high-risk third countries under Article 9 of Directive (EU) 2015/849.

U.S. Jury Convicts El Chapo on All Counts for Leading the Sinaloa Organized Crime Cartel

Friday, February 15, 2019
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On February 12, 2019, a federal jury in Brooklyn, New York convicted Joaquin Achivaldo Guzman Loera, known as “El Chapo,” of leading a continuing criminal enterprise – the Mexican organized crime syndicate - commonly known as the Sinaloa Cartel.  In particular, he was convicted of 26 drug-related violations and one murder conspiracy.  He was convicted of all 10 counts of a superseding indictment,[1] including narcotics trafficking, using a firearm in furtherance of his enterprise, and participating in a money laundering conspiracy.  As the U.S. Justice Department press release discusses, the verdict came after a 12-week trial before U.S. District Judge Brian M. Cogan.[2]  El Chapo faces a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment at his sentencing schedule on June 25.

UK Forfeits £466,321 from Son of Moldova’s Former Prime Minister

Friday, February 15, 2019
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On February 7, 2019, upon the application of the UK’s National Crime Agency (NCA) the City of London Magistrates Court, District Judge Michael Snow granted forfeiture orders on Vlad Luca’s three frozen accounts, requiring the forfeiture of £466,321.72.[1] In May 2018, after NCA financial investigators suspected the funds came from illegal activity by his father, Vladimir Filat, the former Prime Minister of Moldova, and pursuant to new forfeiture provisions introduced by the Criminal Finances Act 2017, a court granted freezing orders for three HSBC accounts held by 22-year-old Vlad Luca Filat.

U.S. and Romania Take Down Online Organize Crime Ring Operating out of Romania

Friday, February 15, 2019
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On February 7, 2019, the United States law enforcement announced the unsealing of indictments, charging 20 people, including 16 foreign nationals, for their roles in an international organized crime group that defrauded U.S. victims through online auction fraud, causing millions of dollars in losses. The prosecution arises out of a multi-year investigation, beginning in Kentucky, that was led by the U.S. Secret Service and featured cooperation with several local, state, federal, and international (i.e., Romanian) law enforcement partners.

ICC Releases Gbagbo and Blé Goudé on Conditions

Friday, February 8, 2019
Author: 
Michael Plachta
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

On February 1, 2019, the Appeals Chamber (AC) of the International Criminal Court (ICC or Court) unanimously ruled that conditions are to be imposed on Mr. Laurent Gbagbo and Mr. Charles Blé Goudé upon their release to a State not only willing to accept them on its territory, but willing and able to enforce the conditions set by the Appeals Chamber.

U.S. Files Charges against Russian, Ukrainian Defendants for Role in Illegal Trading Scheme

Friday, February 8, 2019
Author: 
Zarine Kharazian
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

Federal authorities have filed charges against eight individuals, several of whom are of Russian or Ukrainian nationality, for hacking into a government database as part of an illegal trading scheme. In a civil complaint filed on January 15, 2019, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) alleges that some of the defendants employed a “variety of deceptive means” to gain access to thousands of nonpublic documents from the  SEC’s Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval system (EDGAR).

Court Awards $302,511,836.00 in Damages to Family of Journalist Marie Colvin

Friday, February 8, 2019
Author: 
Linda Friedman Ramirez
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 

As previously reported in the International Enforcement Law Reporter, Marie Colvin, an internationally renowned American journalist, was killed on February 22, 2012 while on assignment for The Sunday Times. Her sister, nephew, and nieces have sued the Government of Syria for an intentional and purposeful extrajudicial killing of Ms. Colvin as part of the regime’s campaign to eradicate journalists reporting on atrocities.

New York Bar Censures Lawyer Involved in 2016 Global Witness Video for Counseling Client to Engage In Fraudulent Conduct

Friday, February 8, 2019
Author: 
Bruce Zagaris
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
2
Abstract: 
On January 15, 2019, the Attorney Grievance Committee for the First Judicial Department, New York State Bar censured Marc S. Koplik for his conduct in participating in counseling a client to engage in conduct he knew was illegal or fraudulent during a 2016 undercover sting operation organized by the civil society organization, Global Witness. CBS Sixty Minutes broadcast the undercover sting operation on multiple occasions

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